The heart of Frankfort sits in the Kentucky River valley, on an S-bend in the river near the western edge of the inner Bluegrass Region of the state. As a young man, Henry Clay famously compared Frankfort's geography to an "inverted hat," saying that "Frankfort is the body of the hat, and the lands adjacent are the brim."
Frankfort and the surrounding area offer many opportunities for outdoor recreation. The Kentucky River itself has long been a source of recreation, and boat docks on the river house recreational watercraft. Not far from Frankfort, the Elkhorn Creek is a popular site for canoeing and kayaking.